Canada incorporates AI decision making into immigration systems

Canada began experiments introducing automated decision-making algorithms into its immigration systems to support evaluation of some of the country's immigrant and visitor applications in 2014. In a 2018 study, Citizen Lab and NewsDeeply found that AI's use was expanding despite concerns about bias, discrimination, and privacy breaches, along with other human rights issues such as due process and procedural fairness. Residents lacking citizenship often have less access to human rights protections or legal expertise, and automated systems that lack nuance risk entrenching xenophobia.

Writer: Petra Molnar and Samer Muscati
Publication: NewsDeeply