Timeline of SIM Card Registration Laws
- PI has tracked SIM card registration laws and their impact from 2002 to present day.
- Such a requirement allows the state to identify the owner of a SIM card and infer who is most likely making a call or sending a message at any given time.
- By making it easier for law enforcement authorities to track and monitor people, these laws threaten vulnerable groups and facilitate generalised surveillance.
- Despite mounting evidence that mandatory SIM registration is costly, intrusive and not the solution to the problem most countries are trying to solve, every year more governments try to roll it out.
IMAGE SOURCE: "My Phone Bought This" by oliver t is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.
LAST UPDATE: 16th May 2022.
Mandatory SIM card registration laws require people to provide personal information, including a valid ID or even their biometrics, as a condition for purchasing or activating a SIM card. Such a requirement allows the state to identify the owner of a SIM card and infer who is most likely making a call or sending a message at any given time.
SIM card registration undermines peoples’ ability to communicate anonymously, organise, and associate with others, and it infringes their rights to privacy and freedom of expression. By making it easier for law enforcement authorities to track and monitor people, these laws threaten vulnerable groups and facilitate generalised surveillance. People who lack ID, or who do not want to or are unable to disclose such personal information, are excluded from important spheres for formulating and sharing ideas: roughly 1 billion people around the world lack a valid form of government ID and could be prevented from purchasing a SIM card as a result, and journalists, human rights defenders, and people from marginalized or minority communities may fear harassment, intimidation, violence, or persecution if they register. Challenging SIM card registration laws is therefore important to preserving our civic spaces and defending democracy.
See our Learning Page on SIM Card Registration for more info.
How widespread are mandatory SIM card registration laws?
SIM card registration laws are proliferating, but there is no uniform approach. As of early 2021, 157 governments required some form of proof of identity before a person could purchase a SIM card, but what form of ID and what other information may be required varies. In 2012, the European Commission requested that EU states provide evidence of actual or potential benefits from mandatory SIM card registration measures and, after examining the responses it received, concluded there was no benefit either to assisting criminal investigations or to the common market to having a single EU approach. SOURCE: GSMA (pg. 10).
As of 2021, the following countries have mandatory SIM card registration laws: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Democratic Republic of Congo, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Luxembourg, Macao, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, North Macedonia, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Qatar, Russia, Rwanda, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, South Korea, Slovakia, Spain, Sri Lanka, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Sudan, Suriname, Svalbard, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timo-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
As of 2021, the following countries have mandatory biometric SIM registration laws: Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela, Zambia
As of 2021, the following countries do not have mandatory SIM card registration laws: Bahamas, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cabo Verde, Canada, Chile, Comoros, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Kiribati, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Moldova, Nauru, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Portugal, Romania, Samoa, Serbia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States of America, Vanuatu. SOURCE: GSMA (pgs. 54-61).
Countries expected to implement mandatory SIM registration in 2022: Philippines, Mexico.
Countries that do not appear on these two lists were either considering possible SIM card registration or it was not possible to determine the state of the law. For updates on any of the above countries, or countries that were not included, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Philippines: Marcos signs SIM Registration into law
On October 10th, President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. signed the SIM Registration Act in the Ceremonial Hall of Malacañang, part of the President's official residence. In his speech following the signing, Marcos reportedly said,
"We will soon be able to provide law enforcement agencies with the tools needed to resolve crimes perpetrated with the use of these SIM cards, as well as providing a strong deterrence against the commission of wrongdoing... Crucially as well, included in this crucial piece of legislation are provisions that make paramount the protection of confidentiality and data privacy rights of subscribers, which shall begin to take effect at the point of sale." Source: GMA News.
Indonesia: Hacker exposes 1.3 billion SIM registration details
On August 31, a user named Bjorka posted an entry on a little-known site called Breached Forums, with the bland title: “Indonesia SIM Card (Phone Number) Registration 1.3 Billion.” This massive data leak revealed national identity numbers, phone numbers, names of telecommunications providers, and more. Source: The Diplomat and Rest Of World.
President Duterte vetoes the SIM Card Registration Bill in the Philippines.
April 15th: In a surprise move, President Duterte vetoed proposed legislation approved by both chambers seeking to mandate the registration of all SIM cards and social media accounts in the country according to reports. The reason appears to be that the original scope of the SIM Card Registration Bill had expanded to include registration of social media accounts where users must provide a real name and phone number on creating an account.
A coalition of local and international CSOs had called on Duterte to veto the Bill, led by PI's partner in the Philippines The Foundation for Media Alternatives (FMA). SOURCE: Gulf News & FMA.
South Africa proposes updating SIM Registration laws to include biometrics.
March: The Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) published draft regulations making it explicit that mobile service providers need to collect biometric data when a customer changes numbers or action a SIM swap (activating a SIM card with a particular mobile number). Under the current Regulation of Interception of Communication Act (Rica), a person does have to submit a valid identity and proof of residence to obtain a new SIM card, but these draft regulations would mean also providing biometric data, described in the draft as "the measurement and statistical analysis of people's unique physical and behavioural characteristics."
The consultation closes on May 11th. SOURCE: The South African & Stuff & Dear South Africa.
Continued confusion over the Communications Authority of Kenya's instruction for SIM registration ahead of April 15th deadline leads to criticism by the Kenya Human Rights Commission and a promised legal challenge from a coalition of political parties.
The Kenya Human Rights Commission (KHRC) has warned that the move by government compelling Kenyans to register their Sim Cards threatens the privacy rights of citizens. The KHRC said in a statement that the step taken by the Communications Authority of Kenya which would see Kenyans submit to have their photographs taken and retained is "unlawful and promotes intrusive data harvesting".
Simultaneously, The Kenya Kwanza Alliance (a coalition of political parties) has threatened to file a case to stop the ongoing nationwide SIM card registration by mobile network operators in the country. The deadline for registration is 15th April.
Kenyan's already register their details at the point of purchase of a SIM card. The Communications Authority CEO Ezra Chiloba said in a statement that there was confusion over the instruction. He said the order only applied to unregistered SIM cards and the telecommunications companies that asked all Kenyans to re-register were “overzealous”. He said that no photos are required to complete the process.
SOURCE: Capital News, Captial News and The Standard.
Civil society challege the legaility of Mexico's SIM registration law.
In February, a group of national, regional and international CSOs have submitted an amicus curiae to the Supreme Court of Justice in Mexico warning that the SIM registration law (PANAUT) violates the right to privacy, freedom of expression, access to ICTs, among other human rights.
Read the letter to the Supreme Court here (Spanish)
Read the amicus curae here (Spanish)
Philippines ratifies the SIM Card Registration Act.
February: "The mandatory registration of SIM cards may just put the security and privacy of citizens at risk, a cybersecurity initiative said on Friday, as it claimed there is no proof that compulsory enrollment of personal information with telecommunications firms will curb crimes.
This comes days after Congress ratified the proposed SIM card Registration Act which, if passed, will compel citizens to provide their personal information to public telecommunications entities (PTEs) before buying SIM cards in a move meant to curb terrorism, text scams, bank fraud and anonymous online defamation, among others." SOURCE: PhilStar Global
Kenya telco announces biometrics needed to re-register SIM cards.
In February, it was reported that Safaricom, one of the leading mobile telephone network providers in Kenya, is asking users to visit the nearest Safaricom shop or any partner agency with their IDs to update their SIM details in a process that will also require submitting face biometrics.
A Kenyan tech reporter, Dickson Otieno, explained he had received a text message asking him to visit a Safaricom dealer with ID in order to to update his SIM card. After querying this with the company via Twitter, Safaricom responded saying they are " in the process of having every registration updated with the scan of the ID and facial recognition. In the meantime, any agent/dealer or Safaricom shop can do this for you.”
The country’s Registration of SIM Cards Regulation 2015 does not refer to collection of biometrics for SIM card registration. SOURCE: Biometric Update.
Fears that SIM registration makes people in Myanmar even more vulnerable to surveillance following the coup.
In July, Telenor Myanmar announced an agreement to sell 100% of mobile operations to M1 Group and exit the market. Part of the sale would reportedly include transferring personal data of subscribers to the new entity, including call records and location data. Civil society are fearful this data will be passed onto the junta by M1 Group. PI responded that the transfer of this personal data, on top of information provided during mandatory SIM registration, such as ID cards and addresses, makes people even more vulnerable to surveillance and arrest. SOURCE: Myanmar Now & Danwatch
Mexico implements mandatory biometric SIM registration for new SIM purchases.
From April 17th, any consumers in Mexico wishing to purchase a new SIM card for their phones will be required to present biometric data that is set to be kept on file as part of the country’s new National Register of Mobile Users. SOURCE: Biometric Update & Pulse News Mexico
Nigeria restarts biometric SIM registration.
On April 15th, The Nigerian Tribune reported the Nigerian Federal Government has approved the activation of new SIM registration using the biometrics-based Mandatory National Identity Number (NIN), in line with the Revised National Digital Identity Policy for SIM card registration. SOURCE: The Nigerian Tribune & Biometric Update.
Australian women’s rights activist faces SIM registration charges in Tanzania.
On January 3rd, The Guardian newspaper reported, "The International Coalition of Ex-Muslims issued a statement saying Kay had been held in police custody for 32 hours from 28 December “without an initial clear indication of charges” and had her passport confiscated."
"According to the statement, the charges relate to three issues, including “a social media post deemed to be critical of the president of Tanzania” over the handling of Covid-19 in the east African country.
The International Coalition of Ex-Muslims said Kay was also accused of not returning her Tanzanian passport after gaining Australian citizenship, but added that “she never returned her Tanzanian passport as she misplaced and never used it after gaining Australian citizenship”.
The coalition said the final issue was the use of a mobile sim card registered in a family member’s name rather than her own name, under legislation that the group said “has been used to persecute other high-profile cases”.
“We believe these charges are politically motivated,” the coalition said." SOURCE: The Guardian & The International Coalition of Ex-Muslims.
Romania declares mandatory SIM regsitration unconstitutional
On 18 February 2020, the Romanian Constitutional Court unanimously declared unconstitutional a new legislative act adopted in September 2019 introducing mandatory SIM card registration. The legislative act in question was an emergency ordinance issued by the Government which wanted to introduce this obligation as a measure “to improve the operation of the 112 emergency service number”. This is the second time the court issues an unconstitutionality decision on mandatory SIM card registration proposals. SOURCE: ApTI
Uganda to pilot blockchain for SIM registration
On 23 July 2020, the Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) reportedly signed a partnership with FSD Uganda (FSDU) and CryptoSavannah for the deployment of blockchain technology to "enhance" Uganda’s SIM card registration and verification process. SOURCE: BitcoinKE.
Unregistered SIMs cards deactivated in Myanmar. During a pandemic.
On June 30th 2020, Myanmar's Post and Telecommunications Department (PTD) announced that any unregistered SIM cards had now been deactivated. SOURCE: The Myanmar Times.
Tanzanian comedian charged under SIM Registration law for laughing at the President.
On 8th July 2020, Amnesty International reported that the popular comedia Idris Sultan was due in court, "to answer charges of “failure to register a SIM card previously owned by another person” and “failure to report change of ownership of a SIM card”. The charges were brought after he posted a video on social media of himself laughing at an old photo of President John Magufuli wearing an oversized suit."
"He was charged with SIM card-related offences under the repressive Electronic and Postal Communications Act 2010 (Sim Card Registration) Regulations 2020 and amended Electronic and Postal Communications Act 2010 on 27 May and released on a court bond of 15 million Tanzanian shillings (about 6,550 US dollars)." SOURCE: Amnesty International.
Telenor Myanmar announces loss of 6.3 million subscribers due to SIM registration requirements.
On 21st October 2020, Telenor Group published their results for Q3. Telenor Myanmar announced,
"The number of subscriptions decreased by 6.3 million as Telenor Myanmar deactivated SIMs following the SIM re-registration process to comply with new directives from the authorities."
This loss of subscribers in Myanmar offset any growth the company gained globally. As a result of SIM registration laws in Myanmar, Telenor Group's global subscriber base reduced by 2.1 million SOURCE: Telenor Myanmar.
Austria makes SIM card registration mandatory for prepaid SIM cards
Legislation came into effect on January 1, 2019, to require registration of prepaid SIM cards. All previous prepaid SIM cards need to be registered before September 1, 2019, or they will be blocked. SOURCES: MCA; Fandom.
Myanmar proposes mandatory biometric SIM registration
The Government of Myanmar proposes a biometric SIM registration system in absence of data protection laws and security safeguards. PI wrote to Myanmar's Post and Telecommunications Department (PTD) to demand that they reveal the rationale behind the scheme and how they expect to mitigate the associated threats.
PI also wrote to the four telecommunications operators outlining our concerns. Read more here.
Jordan announces the development of fingerprint registration for SIM cards
In January 2018, the Telecommunication Regulatory Commission announced that it would develop new regulations that would require new owners of SIM cards to submit their fingerprints to authenticate their numbers. Foreigners are required to show their passports. SOURCES: Royal News; Fandom.
Malawi announces that any unregistered SIM cards will be deactivated
In January 2018, Malawi announced that all mobile service providers had to ensure that their subscribers’ SIM cards were registered by September 30, 2018, and that all unregistered SIM cards were to be deactivated the following day. The government announced that deactivated SIM cards could only be reactivated if people provided documents that included their national identity card, driver’s license, passport, refugee identity card, asylum seeker identity card, or voter registration card. SOURCE: MACRA.
Indonesia announces that any prepaid SIM cards that are not registered will be blocked
In March 2018, the government announced that any prepaid SIM cards that were not registered would gradually be blocked from functioning. SOURCE: GSMA (pg. 34).
Uganda plans to use biometric readers for SIM card registration
In April 2018, the Uganda government ordered the Uganda Communications Commission to add 50 biometric readers to 50 SIM card registration centres to speed up the SIM card registration process. SOURCE: Observer.
India Supreme Court rules that Aadhaar (national identification) details cannot be required to obtain a mobile SIM card
The India Supreme Court ruled that people should not be required to have their Aadhaar (national identification scheme) details cross-referenced with a government database to be able to obtain a mobile SIM card. Instead, mobile phone providers can capture and store subscriber information without referencing it to the government’s national identification scheme. SOURCE: PI.
Ireland debates mandatory SIM card registration
In March 2017, Ireland debated a mandatory SIM card registration policy, proposed by Senator Aidan Davitt; however, the Minister for Communications, Climate Action and Environment, Deputy Denis Naughten, was opposed to such a policy. He noted that easy access to Ireland’s telecommunications services was a societal benefit, and with prepaid SIM cards there was no need to collect additional information to ensure future payments. Additionally, Ireland’s three main telecommunications providers already offered voluntary registration. SOURCE: Houses of the Oireachtas.
In Chile the attempt to increase data retention obligations of telecom companies is declared unconstitutional
The Chilean Government tried to increase data retention obligations of telecom companies through administrative Decree No866, in a manner incompatible with the right to privacy and the legal and constitutional provisions in force. The Decree was declared unconstitutional. SOURCE: PI.
All unregistered SIM cards to deactivated in Belgium
As of midnight on June 7, 2017, all unregistered prepaid SIM cards in Belgium were to be de-activated, following a six month grace period from when mandatory SIM card registration legislation came into effect. By June 7, 2017, roughly 85% of SIM card subscribers had been registered. SOURCE: Decroo.
India adds biometrics to SIM registration scheme
On June 15, 2017,, the Department of Telecommunications in India announced it will begin requiring biometric SIM card registration for new subscribers, and that it will also use biometrics to re-verify existing subscribers. New subscribers are required to biometrically register to allow for comparison with their Aadhaar credentials in a government database. Aadhaar is India’s national personal identification scheme.
Germany strengthens SIM card registration requirements
From July 2017, all SIM cards in Germany must be registered under peoples’ full names and an address that matches their national ID. SOURCE: Fandom.
Indonesia makes SIM card registration mandatory
As of 2017, to obtain a SIM card, Indonesians are required to provide their mandatory ID card, known as Kartu Tanda Penduduk (KTP), and foreigners are required to provide their passport. SOURCE: GSMA (pg. 34).
Bangladesh bans sale of SIM cards to Rohingya refugees
In September 2017, the Bangladeshi government banned telecommunications providers from selling SIM cards or phone plans to Rohingya refugees, citing security concerns. SOURCES: Yahoo; CBS News.
Lebanon plans to introduce biometric SIM card registration
In December 2017, it was reported that the Cabinet planned to introduce biometric SIM card registration, which would force Lebanese citizens and residents to provide a thumbprint to purchase a SIM card. Similarly, the Lebanese government reintroduced a proposal for IMEI registration, mandating that everyone who purchased a phone to have their identity attached to the IMEI number of the device. SOURCES: Al-Jadeed TV; PI.
The president of Paraguay vetoes a bill to collect biometric data from mobile subscribers
In 2017, Congress had approved a bill "that regulates the activation of mobile phone service" that would have forced everyone using a cell phone to provide a fingerprint to activate their cell phone lines, but the president of Paraguay vetoed the legislation. SOURCE: PI.
Polish government introduces counterterrorism law that includes mandatory prepaid SIM card registration
In June 2016, the Polish government passed a package of counterterrorism legislation that included a prohibition against people being able to purchase anonymous, prepaid SIM cards. The Polish government claimed that this legislation was necessary to provide security for two upcoming international events that Poland was set to host in July 2016: the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) summit and World Youth Day. Pre-existing had until February 2017 to register their SIM cards, or the cards would be blocked. SOURCES: HRW; EDRI; Telegeography.
Pakistan requires mobile phone users to verify their identities through fingerprints in national database
Since July 2016, SIM cards must be registered to their user, and SIM cards must also be biometrically verified against the National Database and Registration Authority's (NADRA) national database, often by fingerprint. The government plans to have all SIM cards biometrically verified. As of March 2015, 68.7 million SIMs had been biometrically verified out of 103 million SIMs in use at that time. Failure to biometrically register a SIM card will result in it being deactivated. SOURCES: Pakistan Today; The Guardian; The Express Tribune.
Malawi makes SIM card registration mandatory
In October 2016, Malawi passed the Communications Act of 2016 to make SIM card registration mandatory. People are required to provide their full name, identity card number or other ID, residential and business addresses, and any other information the telecommunications provider deems necessary.
Argentina announces the creation of the Mobile Communications Service Users’ Identification Registry
In November 2016, the Ministry of Communications and Ministry of Security announced the creation of the Mobile Communications Service Users’ Identification Registry. It requires Argentina's National Communications Agency El Ente Nacional de Comunicaciones (ENACOM)) to create a registry with the identity of all mobile communication users. Each phone number is linked to the identity of its owner. SOURCE: ADC Digital.
Belgium makes registration of prepaid SIM cards mandatory
In December 2016, it became mandatory in Belgium for all new prepaid SIM cards to be registered. For users who had purchased prepaid SIM cards before the new legislation came into effect, there is a six-month grace period for them to register their SIM cards that ends June 7, 2017. This legislation is part of a package of anti-terrorism legislation, which was passed following terror attacks in Belgium. SOURCE: Decroo.
Bangladesh introduces biometric SIM card registration
Bangladesh added a requirement to its mandatory SIM card registration policy that operators validate customers’ identities using their fingerprints, which will be matched against fingerprint data stored through the national identification system. SOURCES: Advox; GSMA (pg. 42).
Uganda connects SIM card information with ID information
The Ministry of Security ordered the Uganda Communications Commission to verify information provided by telephone users in the SIM card registration system by matching it with data collected during the National Identity card registration exercise. To bring its mandatory SIM card registration policy in line with the Registration of Persons Act 2015, Uganda required that people register their SIM card exclusively with their national ID card, as no other form of ID will be accepted going forward. SOURCE: TechJaJa.
Zimbabwe disconnects one million of unregistered SIM cards
In November 2015, Zimbabwe’s largest mobile service provider disconnected at least one million SIM cards because they were unregistered. SOURCE: PI.
Egypt makes SIM card registration mandatory
Egypt finalized a policy of compulsory SIM card registration. Operators must require their clients to provide them with personal data including ID card copies and numbers. Operators are required to review the personal data they hold in order to correct, update and complete the data of their customers; thus, operators have access to at least parts of the civic registry database of their clients. Bulk access to the database, however, is not permitted under Article 13 of the civic registry law 143/1994. SOURCE: PI.
Lebanon ends International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) registration policy
Telecommunications minister Boutros Harb ends the policy of registering peoples' IMEIs, which identifies a physical phone or handset. The policy been introduced the year before. According to the government, the policy was ineffective and costly. SOURCE: Business News.
Central African Republic introduces mandatory SIM card registration policy
The Central African Republic (CAR) made SIM card registration mandatory. People without a form of ID are permitted to register provided they come to register with someone who does have an official form of ID. SOURCE: Telegeography.
Morocco enforces a ban on anonymous SIM cards
In April 2014, ANRT, the telecom regulator, started enforcing a ban on anonymous SIM cards. Mobile operators have been compelled to identify their subscribers, including prepaid SIM cardholders. ANRT justified the measure by its efforts to comply with Act 09-08 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data. The measure provoked criticism from privacy activists and journalists who pointed that anonymous phone cards were important for protecting journalistic sources. SOURCE: ANRT.
Tunisia tightens rules for SIM card registration
Mobile phone customers in Tunisia are required to present documentary evidence to prove their identity upon purchase of a SIM card. Telecom operators keep records of customers’ data, including identities, dates of birth, postal addresses, and national identity numbers (CIN). In March, the government tightens the rules required for allocating SIM cards in an apparent effort to fight terrorism. Pursuant to that effort, in July, the telecom regulator INT threatened operators who failed to comply with the regulations with sanctions. SOURCE: INTT.
Thailand makes SIM card registration mandatory
Since June 2014, a request from the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC) makes it mandatory for operators to register SIM cards on their networks. SIM vendors use an application downloaded on their own smartphone to register the SIMs. In order to register a SIM card, the vendor takes a picture of the code on the SIM card and a picture of the buyer's ID card with the application, which then sends the information to the NBTC server. Once the information is approved, the NBTC sends back a message to the vendor allowing them to activate the SIM card. In an attempt to address privacy concerns, the NBTC has explained that the application automatically deletes the pictures from the vendor's phone. Foreigners who do not have a Thai ID card may use their passport. SOURCE: Nation Multimedia.
Kenya makes SIM card registration mandatory
The Kenya Information and Communications Act 2013 makes it a criminal offence to fail to register one's SIM card. Not complying can result in a fine up to KES 100,000 (USD 1,150/ GBP 760,00) and/or imprisonment (up to six months).
Zimbabwe makes SIM card registration mandatory
Under the Postal and Telecommunications Act, the government requires all SIM cards to be registered to an identified individual. In order to purchase a SIM card from a telecommunications provider in Zimbabwe, an individual must produce his or her national identity card or passport and provide personal information, such as full name, permanent residential address, nationality, gender, and subscriber identity number. Under the regulations, the provider must send this information to POTRAZ (Postal and Telecommunication Regulatory Authority of Zimbabwe) where it is added to a database, controlled by POTRAZ, known as the Central Subscriber Information Database. POTRAZ retains the information in the database until five years after the customer’s contract expires. SOURCE: PI.
Mexico repeals mandatory SIM card registration
In Mexico, mandatory SIM card registration is repealed. The Federal Institute for Access to Information and Data Protection (IFAI) is required to destroy all personal data of Mexicans contained in the registry. SOURCE: Informador.
Uganda makes SIM card registration mandatory
In March 2012, registration of SIM cards became mandatory in Uganda. The Uganda Communications Commission stated that SIM registration information would be stored confidentially by telecommunications operators in a secure database. People could present any official ID document, including a driver’s license or passport. SOURCES: TechJaJa; GSMA (pg. 38).
Democratic Republic of Congo makes SIM card registration mandatory
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) made SIM card registration mandatory. People from the DRC are permitted to use a passport, driver’s license, voter card, student card, or service card to register. Refugees can use a Refugee ID card issued by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), passport, national ID card, or voter ID card from their country of origin to register for a SIM card. SOURCES: Leganet; GSMA (pg. 44).
Colombia starts developing IMEI registration system
SIM card registration is not currently mandatory in Colombia but since 2011 the Colombian government has been developing a cell phone registry system that aims to avoid and deter cell phone theft. The system has two main parts: IMEI databases (a 'positive' database and a 'negative' one) and a verification scheme. Mobile carriers should block any IMEI listed on this negative database to bar them from working on their networks. Also, a verification procedure was devised to keep both databases operational and effective. Based on communications metadata, the activity of each cell phone in Colombian networks is monitored to detect counterfeit or duplicated IMEI, along with devices that lack a certificate of conformity.
Zambia makes SIM card registration mandatory
Zambia mandated SIM card registration. A form of ID and a proof of address are required to register. Zambian nationals can use a passport, national registration card, driver’s license, or voter card, while foreigners can use a passport or work permit ID card. Refugees and asylum seekers may face challenges in registering. SOURCES: ZICTA; GSMA (pg. 45); UNHCR (pg. 22).
Nigeria makes biometric SIM card registration mandatory
In November 2011, Nigeria passed the Communications Commission (Registration of Telephone Subscribers) Regulations (2011), which require mobile phone subscribers to allow their finger prints and a biometric map of their faces to be collected and registered to their SIM card, which are then stored in a central government database.
Mexico makes SIM card registration mandatory
Mandatory SIM registration is introduced under the National Mobile Telephone User Registry (Registro Nacional de Usuarios de Telefonía Móvil, 'RENAUT') scheme. The scheme requires new subscribers to be fingerprinted upon purchasing a handset or phone contract. SOURCE: Telegraph.
Greece makes prepaid SIM card registration mandatory
Greece adopted legislation to identify people who used mobile phone equipment and services, which included mandatory registration of prepaid SIM cards. Greece planned to block all unregistered SIM cards after July 2010. SOURCE: Mitek Systems.
Botswana, Burkina Faso, and Sudan mandate SIM card registration
Botswana, Burkina Faso, and Sudan introduce policies to require SIM card registration. Botswana gave people until December 31, 2009, to register their SIM cards or any unregistered cards would be disconnected. Beginning January 1, 2010, SIM cards will only be activated once a person has registered the card. SOURCES: DIW (pg. 2); Telegeography.
Brazil expands SIM card registration requirements
Under Article 42 and 58 of the Regulation 477/07 of Anatel, users must provide a minimum set of personal data to be able to subscribe to a mobile telephone service. This information includes name, identity card number, and taxpayer number. Specific regulation exists for foreigners who wish to buy a Brazilian SIM card and requires that they present their passport.
Senegal and Mauritius adopt mandatory SIM card registration policies
Both Senegal and Mauritius mandate SIM card registration, in an effort to combat fraud and crime. SOURCE: DIW (pg. 2).
India makes SIM card registration mandatory
In 2005, India introduced mandatory SIM card registration. SOURCE: GSMA (pg. 33).
Argentina makes SIM card registration mandatory
Law 25/891 on Mobile Communications Services makes registration of SIM cards mandatory for all mobile phone users.
Switzerland makes SIM card registration mandatory
Switzerland mandates user registration for prepaid SIM cards. SOURCE: GSMA (pg. 7).
Brazil introduces SIM card registration
In 2003, Brazil made SIM card registration mandatory and required all subscribers to present a proof of identity, such as their Cedula de Identidade (official national identity card), driver’s license, or taxpayer number. Telecommunications providers are required to store their customer information in a secure database. SOURCES: National Telecommunications Agency (Brazil); GSMA (pg. 41).
South Africa makes SIM card registration mandatory
Under the 2002 Regulation of Interception of Communication Act (RICA), all SIM cards, whether used in a mobile phone or for data, must be registered with the state via the person's service provider. A South African citizen must provide his or her name, address and identity number. For non-citizens, a name, address and passport number are required.